An icy wind is blowing, but at the same time the sun is blinding – in such cases a knitted peaked cap is optimal. The thick woollen fabric warms and the umbrella protects the eyes. In this manual we will show you how to knit the practical headgear yourself with little effort.

A knitted balloon cap seems like a difficult project to you? Far from it! We only assume that you have mastered right and left stitches and know how to knit with a needle play. We will explain all the other techniques you need step by step. You knit the cap in rounds and completely in one piece so that no seams are necessary. Reach for the needles and shine on your next walk with a chic new hat!

Material and preparation
For a knitted peaked cap you need about 200 grams of wool. To keep your headgear warm, it is advisable to use blends of new wool and other materials. When buying, also make sure that the yarn can be washed in the machine without any problems. You will find information on this on the banderole, as well as information on the appropriate needle size. We have used five and six for the knitted balloon cap in these instructions. This means that the good piece is ready for use after only two evenings of handwork. Plan around ten euros for the material.

Before you start to knit the cap, make a stitch sample. This will ensure that the finished piece fits. In the rib pattern, knit small pieces with different needle sizes and find out which will give your knitting style the desired firmness.

You need two different thicknesses for the knitted balloon cap: the thicker one should make it easy to knit your wool, but there should only be small gaps between the stitches so that the wind doesn’t blow unpleasantly through the cap. You will need the thinner needles for the lower edge and the peak. These parts must be knitted very tight so that the headgear fits snugly and the glider does not hang down. We recommend a millimetre difference between the two thicknesses.

Once you have selected the appropriate thicknesses, measure how many stitches and rows you need to knit with the thicker needles to obtain a square of ten by ten centimetres. Leave out the first and last stitches of the row, because they would often fall out further and falsify the result. Do not stretch the knitted fabric when measuring. The numbers given in these instructions are designed for a stitch test of 18 stitches and 16 rows and a head circumference of 56 centimetres. If your results differ, follow the instructions in brackets.

You need a knitted peaked cap:

200 g wool
2 needle plays in different thicknesses
Pair of knitting needles in the thickness of the thinner needle play
Wool needle for sewing

rib pattern

The rib pattern results in a firm and at the same time stretchable knitted fabric which does not roll up at the edges. They work alternately a right and a left stitch. Remember: Right stitches form a knot behind the work, left stitches in front of it. On the other side, the thread is laid into a V-shape. In each round (or row) knit the stitches as you saw them in the previous round. The superimposed V-shape will then form ribs between which the knots will disappear.

Double meshes

Knit a stitch as required by the pattern on the right or left, but do not let the link slide from the left needle. Work the same stitch again in the other type of knitting. Your number of stitches has increased by one.

Knit two stitches together

Cut into two stitches at the same time and knit both as if they were one stitch. You can knit the stitch to the right or to the left. Note the structure of the adjacent stitches to decide. The aim is to keep the rib pattern as exact as possible for all increases and decreases, so that as seldom as possible two equally knitted stitches are next to each other.

Warp edge

We use the warp edge for beautiful edges on the umbrella. Lift the first stitch in each row onto the right needle, placing the thread in front of the work. This stitch remains unknitted. Always knit the last stitch on the right, regardless of the pattern.

Knit peaked cap
cap
Cast 82 stitches with the thinner needles (or the number of stitches you need according to your stitch sample to get to your head circumference).

Distribute the stitches evenly over four needles of the needle play and close the round.Knit two rows (or up to two centimetres in height) of rib pattern before starting to increase the stitches for the balloon shape of the cap.

3. row: double the first stitch of the first and third needle = 84 stitches
4th row: double first stitch of second and fourth needle = 86 stitches
5. row: without increases, then change to the thicker needle gauge
6. row: double the first stitch of the first and third needle = 88 stitches
7. row: double the first stitch of the second and fourth needle = 90 stitches
8th row: without increases
9. row: double the first stitch of the first and third needle = 92 stitches
10th row: double the first stitch of the second and fourth needles = 94 stitches
11th row: double the first stitch of the first and third needle = 96 stitches

(Or change the needles after a total of three centimetres and add 15-20% of the initial number of meshes evenly distributed up to a height of 6.5 centimetres).

Continue knitting up to and including the 24th row without changing the number of stitches (or until your piece is 15 centimetres high).

From now on, remove the meshes for the top of the cap.

25th row: knit the first two stitches of the first and third needle together = 94 stitches
26th row to 32nd row: knit the first two stitches of each needle together = 4 stitches removed per round, at the end 66 stitches

(Or knit so many stitches together that after a total height of 20 centimetres you will have about 20% fewer stitches than when you hit the needles).

In the last row, knit two stitches together so that your number of stitches is halved.

For the top end of the peaked cap, thread the working thread once through each stitch using a wool needle. Remove the needles and tighten the thread until the hole is completely closed. Sew the end on the inside.

shade
Knit the umbrella in rows. Therefore, do not use a needle play, but the pair of normal knitting needles. Take 36 stitches (or the equivalent of 22 centimetres) directly from the stop edge of the cap. To do this, wrap the yarn around your hand as you are used to from the stitch stop. Place the knitted piece in front of you so that the tip of the cap points towards you. Now you can stitch with a knitting needle between two stitches in the first row of the piece.

The space between a knot and a V is easily visible in the rib pattern. Wrap the piece of thread between the index finger and thumb around the needle as you would with the stop. Do not pass the needle through the thumb loop. Instead, pull it back between the two stitches. Now you have a new stitch on the needle. Insert into the space to the left of the first and repeat the process continuously.

Work in the rib pattern with warp edge four rows without decreases. In the fifth to tenth row, knit the two stitches together on both sides directly next to the edge stitch, i.e. decrease a total of twelve stitches. Chain off the remaining 24 stitches. (Or work the canopy a total of six centimetres long and evenly decrease one third of the number of stitches.)

Finish
Sew all the stitches. Run the thread from the peak next to the edge stitches to the inside of the cap and fasten it there.

Possible variations
1. decorate your knitted peaked cap with buttons, flowers or the like. For example, sew the decoration to the transition between the side edge of the peak and the cap.

2. besides the rib pattern, there are other suitable patterns in which you can knit the cap. Try the pearl pattern, for example. To do this, knit the opposite of the previous row in each round or row, i.e. on the knot of a left stitch comes the V of a right stitch and vice versa. Note that the dimensions of the stitch sample vary considerably depending on the pattern.

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